Honestly, this is the life! Sailing on the gorgeous ship—the ms Eurodam from Holland America Line—(to start at Part One click here) a fun-filled first port day in Grand Turk in Turks and Caicos (Part Two of this series), and now stops in the picturesque island of Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico has long been one of my favorite travel destinations, and I was downright giddy at the prospect of once again basking in its amazing fusion of vibrant people, multi-hued façades, intoxicating scents and jaw-dropping scenery.
Embraced by both the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico means “Rich Port”), is the smallest of the Greater Antilles, and also encompasses the two smaller islands of Culebra and Vieques off the east coast, and the tiny island of Mona (halfway between Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic) to the west.
About 100 miles long, 35 miles wide, and roughly the size of Connecticut, the island possesses a very picturesque and diverse topography encompassing 9 lakes, over 50 rivers and streams, and the Cordillera Central (central mountain range) running through the center of the island and extending between 1,000 and 3,000 feet. The highest peak–Cerro La Punta—is 4,398 feet high.
The Puerto Rican people are a gorgeous amalgamation of the native Taíno Indians, Spaniards and Africans, and these three distinct peoples are palpable in every aspect of the cultural landscape here.
A Caribbean Isle like None Other
It’s hard to capture the essence of such a magnificent island in just a few words, or in only a full day, which was the amount of time I had on this latest visit. Nevertheless embarking up on your own self-guided walking tour (on foot or via the city’s trolley cars) will reveal just enough to captivate your senses, infuse you with the culture and draw you back for more.
Just a five minute walk from the cruise port and you are already immersed in the historic center, Viejo San Juan (Old San Juan), encompassing eight square blocks of colorful colonial buildings, delightful hotels, centuries-old fortresses, fascinating museums and art galleries, great shopping on every corner, and fantastic restaurants all situated along beautiful long, narrow azure-hued cobblestone streets.
Must-see sites and attractions include the Raices Fountain, a beautiful and inspiring statue and water feature situated where Paseo La Princesa meets San Juan Bay, the fountain is a tribute to Puerto Rico’s three founding cultures.
For 250 years the Casa Blanca (The White House) was the residence of the descendents of Juan Ponce de León, the first governor of Puerto Rico. Today it is a museum of 16th and 17th century family life and has a miniature replica of an ancient Taíno village. Casa Rosa (the Pink House) was built in 1812 for the Spanish army and now serves as a government employee day care center.
Built by the Spaniards, Fuerte San Felipe del Morro (El Morro), San Gerónimo (Saint Geronimo) and San Cristóbal (Saint Christopher) Forts represent the massive strongholds pivotal to Puerto Rico’s defense in the early to mid-1500’s.
Puerta de San Juan (San Juan Gate)—the point of re-entry inside the walls of the city—is one of six original massive wooden doors that closed at sundown to protect the residents centuries ago, while La Muralla (City Wall) was constructed with sandstone blocks up to 20 feet thick.
El Palacio Santa Catalina, known as La Fortaleza (Santa Catalina Palace, The Fortress), built in 1540, is the oldest governor’s mansion in the Western Hemisphere still in use.
Old San Juan possesses some of the oldest churches in Puerto Rico, including Iglesia San José (San José Church), built in the 1530s as a Dominican monastery chapel dedicated to Saint Thomas Aquinas, and the Jesuits who took over in 1865 renamed it.
Catedral de San Juan (San Juan Cathedral), the first church on the island and the oldest church in the western hemisphere, and Capilla de Cristo (Christ Chapel), a small chapel built in 1753 that became a center of devotion where the faithful left offerings of gold and silver which were eventually molded into an elaborate altar, candelabras and other religious objects now on display.
To start at Part 1, click here.