In Deuteronomy 31:16-18 God spoke to Moses expressing his anger about the people of Israel turning to other gods. His everlasting love turned around, to not show his face, for forsaking them for being forsaken by them. The relationship of God with the people of Israel may had contained both love and hate. People forsaking God before God forsaking them.
Love and Hate as the End Goal and Helping and Hurting as the Interim Goals
Accordingly Edward Chase Tolman’s original writings indicated that we embrace the loved object and reject or destroy the hated object. In the June 2005 issue of the journal “Personal Relationships” John K. Rempel, Christopher T. Burri wrote an article titled ” Let me count the ways: An integrative theory of love and hate”. Like the above, in this article the authors propose that passionate – extreme emotions bring about different forms of love and hate; i.e., reached as the goal by means of either helping or hurting the partner.
According to the above authors, love is based on placing significance on the partner and is related to the goal of maintaining and supporting the welfare or health of the partner. Hate, conversely, is based on diminishing the other in a relation to the goal of crushing, ruining, or putting an end to the other’s welfare or health.
Hate and anger as transient psychotic state of mind
In the June 2005 issue of the journal “Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences” Yasuhiro Koga reported that in transient psychotic states with depressive mood and impetuousness, hate and anger may be characteristic of Borderline Personality Disorder. As opposed to the superego function that entails spirituality, in this state of mind there is a disorder in the ego function- that includes schizophrenia and disorder of the affect; with additional report that those who experience borderline schizophrenia cluster in two groups- one having impulsivity and another, more extreme, having impulsivity, transient psychosis and depressive mood.
Lack of empathy in hate and anger when not justice directed at the masses
Hate and aggression may be indicative of lack of empathy when not expressed in the protection of the masses- such as when a nation claims “riotousness over peace anytime”, or when God punishes those who forsaken him. In the next article more will be presented on the topic of accuracy in empathy in husband and wife aggression.
Happy Easter and Passover!