Locally, in the Sacramento-Davis area, researchers at the UC Davis School of Medicine have trained Native American communities in Northern California to develop culturally appropriate ways to fight obesity and diabetes, thanks to a $1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, according to the Sacramento Business Journal article.
In the Sacramento and Davis area, Native American community members collected data about their members’ health habits to learn what kinds of healthy foods and exercises are most helpful — and design effective interventions. For further information, see the article, UC Davis School of Medicine to help fight obesity in Native American communities – Sacramento Business Journal.
Ways to stem the high rates of diabetes associated with excess weight
The two-year research initiative that began in 2010 trained members of Native American communities in Mendocino, Glenn, Butte, Tehama and Colusa counties to perform research on their own people and come up with ways to stem high rates of obesity and disease associated with excess weight.
More than a third of all American Indian adults are obese, compared with about 22 percent of non-Hispanic whites. Almost 68 percent of adults in the targeted communities are obese and 24 percent of children between 2- and 5-year-olds have body mass indexes in the 95th percentile for their ages.
In the local, Sacramento-Davis regional area, UC Davis also studies obesity and links overweight issues with people that have the lowest earnings. See the article, UC Davis study links obesity with lowest earnings | e! Science News. Also see the August 10, Sacramento Business Journal article by Kathy Robertson, UC Davis School of Medicine to help fight obesity in Native Americans. The research grant came from the National Institute of Diabetes and Kidney Diseases within the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Beware of too much or too little vitamin D as well as overeating and the sedentary lifestyle
Also, in another study published recently, researchers warn that too much vitamin D supplementation can be bad for your health and so can too little. See, “Researchers pinpoint upper safe limit of vitamin D blood levels.” Check out the abstract of the latest study, “Vitamin D Levels for Preventing Acute Coronary Syndrome and Mortality: Evidence of a Non-Linear Association,” appearing in the May 2013 issue of JCEM.
And in still another study, according to an August 24, 2010 news release, “A moment on the lips, a year on the hips,” based on a recent study published in the journal, Nutrition & Metabolism, any excessive food consumption even for a very short time–such as five minutes on a hot fudge sundae, can have long-term health effects.
A short period of excess food consumption can have long term effects on your body weight and fat storage even after the initial weight is lost. A study published in BioMed Central’s open access journal Nutrition & Metabolism has found that a four-week episode of increased energy intake and decreased exercise can cause increased weight and fat mass more than two years later when compared to control individuals.
In the August 24, 2010 news release, “A moment on the lips, a year on the hips,” researchers describe a study on the long-term effects of a sedentary and gluttonous lifestyle. Åsa Ernersson worked with a team of researchers from Linköping University Sweden to investigate what happens when people eat and sit and what it’s like to experience the long-term effects of a sedentary and gluttonous lifestyle.
The scientists capped the physical activity of 18 individuals and used excessive food consumption to increase their energy intake by an average of 70% for four weeks. A separate control group ate and exercised as normal.
Extended effect on fat mass after a short period of eating too much and not exercising
The intervention group gained an average of 6.4 kg in body weight, which was mostly lost 6 months later. However, one year later the intervention group showed an increased fat mass compared to baseline; the differences were even greater after two and a half years. Ernersson explained in the news release, “The long term difference in body weight in the intervention and control groups suggests that there is an extended effect on fat mass after a short period of large food consumption and minimal exercise.”
The study provides interesting new evidence to suggest that even a short period of excessive eating and a lack of exercise can potentially change an individual’s physiology, causing it to be harder to lose and keep off weight. Ernersson summarized, “The change of fat mass was larger than expected when compared to the controls, it suggests that even short-term behavioral changes may have prolonged effects on health.”
For want of a particular taste, long-term health effects result
The issue here is that for want of a sweet, salty, or alkaline taste for seconds on the tongue, long-term health effects result, according to the latest study. Before you take that first bite, ask yourself whether it’s worth it in the long run.
The four most addictive foods that make you want to return to buy more are sugar, chocolate, meats, and dairy products. Think about any eating habits that make you crave the same foods. Sometimes you’re allergic to the foods you crave the most.